Mexico as shawls and altar frontals, are another possible source. The most direct relationship exists with New England crewelwork—the opening of the Santa Fe Trail in 1821 brought these “workt” textiles with undulating, freestyle designs to the Southwest. The stitch itself, though used exclusively in New Mexico since the mid-eighteenth century, is of mysterious origins: both Asian and Iberian (mainly Portuguese) sources are cited, but this form of self-couching stitch is not typical of Spanish or Mexican needlework.
The Witte Memorial Museum in San Antonio, Texas, has a similar bedspread that was purchased in Mexico (30-4114-93 G). Another comparable example is in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (69.124).
90” H x 63” W